Nine Steps On How to Make a Perfect Cup of Coffee

Want to know how to become a coffee guru? A perfect cup of coffee can jump start your mood and prepare you for work. Knowing how to make yourself a cup will ensure that you won’t always have to rely on your barista. Below are nine helpful steps to help you brew the perfect cup of coffee.

Step 1: Get Your Hands on the Best Coffee Beans

First and foremost you must get your hands on some fresh beans. The best coffee is one which is within days of being roasted. You can either buy from a local roaster or even roaster your own. However, if you decide from buying beans from supermarkets, make sure you choose from a well-known roasting company. Plus, check the packaging thoroughly. Air and light can interfere with the flavor of your coffee.

Step 2: Make Sure the Coffee Beans Always Fresh

Once you purchase fresh coffee beans, you should ensure that they don’t go bad on your watch. Store them in airtight containers. Ceramic and glass jars fitted with air-tight cocks. However never refrigerate your beans because it will be exposed to moisture. You should avoid buying coffee beans in bulk.

Step 3: Choose Good Coffee

Coffee is just like wine. The tastes do differ. In this case, only you can know the best type of coffee suitable for you. The taste of coffee depends on several factors such as the geographical location of origin, the type of climate amongst others. The two main brands are Arabica and Robusta. Most people, however, prefer Arabica over Robusta. It’s because Arabica is of high quality compared to Robusta. However, the Robusta strain contains a higher amount of caffeine, but the flavors are not that great.

Step 4: Grind It Yourself

Grinding is one of the factors that makes coffee lose its flavor. The grinding is very important. To enjoy the rich taste of coffee is when it’s taken just after its ground. You can either grind using burr mills such as Solis. On the other hand, there are other cheap alternatives such as electric grinders. The finer the grind, the tastier the flavor.

Step 5: Water

What type of water do you use to make your coffee? Using tap or chlorine water can ruin your cup of coffee. To ensure your coffee tastes incredible, you can make coffee from fresh bottled spring water. A better alternative is installing water filters on your tap. You might be tempted in using distilled water to make coffee but the minerals found in natural water fuse with coffee to produce a tasty flavor.

Step 6: The Filters

Similar to water, the type of filter you use contributes to either improving or decreasing the flavor of the coffee. You should, therefore, find a quality coffee filter. It must not be that expensive. You can find an affordably priced filter. Or you can even bargain for an expensive one. When looking for a filter consider these two factors. It should be dioxin-free and oxygen-bleached. If you are a longtime fan of coffee, you can then buy a gold-plated filter. It’s a good filter that will provide you with a tasty cup of coffee. If you grind the coffee too finely, some particles may pass through the filter.

Step 7: Avoid Skimping the Coffee

It’s advisable for you to use two tablespoons for a 6-ounce cup. That is the standard measure for brewing coffee. You should make sure that you use the adequate amount. You should avoid using minimal amounts of coffee and hot water so that you extract more amounts. It often leads to the brewing of bitter coffee.

Step 8: Regulate the Heat

Using water that is too hot will lead to the extraction of compounds responsible for making the coffee bitter. The ideal temperatures should range around 200 degrees F. However, you don’t have to worry about the temperature if you have a coffeemaker. Most of them use the required heat. If you finish brewing the coffee, the coffee won’t hold the flavor for long. You should avoid re-boiling the coffee because it will just make it bitter.

Step 9: Enjoy Your Cup of Coffee

Once you follow the above procedures, you will be able to enjoy a delicious cup of coffee. When you are done brewing, always ensure that you clean the equipment, you used to brew the coffee such as your coffeemaker.

Important Facts you Should Know About how Coffee is Roasted

Coffee is roasted using a chemical process to balance, create or alter aroma, aftertaste, acids and other components of flavour to suit the varying taste preferences of customers. Roasting coffee makes it release its rich flavour and taste. Coffee beans are store green as harvested to avoid losing their taste and quality. However, green coffee beans cannot exhibit these characteristics which necessitate roasting.

Roasting results in the transformation of coffee’s physical and chemical properties due to a rapid increase in temperatures under which the beans are subjected. Coffee beans are cooled by spraying water on them upon reaching the required heat to produce the toast of choice. Coffee is made to remain at the required heat levels by continuously fanning it which cools the air above.

The coffee is then separated from any debris that may be present before being transferred and kept at room temperature. Water is then drained from the beans after they have normalized temperature. Dried coffee is then packed grounded or in grain, form to be ready for sale. Roasted coffee should be used kept in airtight containers to prevent oxidation which reduces flavour.

The Process of Roasting

The first stage in the processing of coffee is endothermic. During this stage, the green coffee beans are dried slowly to obtain a yellow colour. At this stage, the coffee grain begins to emit the smell of popcorn or toast. The beans are kept in a continuous motion to avoid burning. The internal temperature of the beans change which equally affects the colour outside. Coffee grain roasts can be of different profiles such as;

Light roasts

Light roasts have a brown colour and are preferred for coffee varieties which are mild. The bean’s surface contains no oil since temperatures are not high enough to make oils permeate to the outer surface of the coffee bean.

Medium Roasts

The second step in the roasting of coffee beans is an exothermic step known as the first crack. The stage is a shorter endothermic period compared to the first. During this stage, the temperature is raised to 205 °C or 400 °F. The bean’s size doubles and its colour is now light brown. The bean’s weight decreases by 5 percent.

The roast at this stage has a strong flavour with its surface having no oil. The roast is at times referred to as American roast owing to its preference in the country.

Dark Roasts

During the third stage, the coffee beans go through a process known as pyrolysis. The coffee beans’ chemical composition is altered and carbon dioxide is released. The beans have a shiny black colour at this stage, oiled surface and a mild bitter-sweet aftertaste. Coffee from dark roast can be slightly/charred dark.

To make espresso, one has to enhance coffee’s aroma and sweetness while at the same time minimize its acidity and bitterness during roasting. Heating coffee at temperatures above 200°C makes its sugar start to caramelize. Uncaramelized sugar is much sweeter compared to caramelized sugar. When coffee’s sugar caramelize, the grains achieve a dark colour. Medium roast coffee has the best blend of flavour since it coffee beans have been moderately subjected to heat between 205-215°C thus maintaining natural sweetness. The following are the colours and aroma of coffee through the roasting process:

  1. Pale – coffee beans will attain a pale colour that is almost white briefly after they are put in the roaster. The coffee will have an aroma similar to that of green beans.
  2. Yellowing – the coffee beans will start turning yellow with a hay smell. The Maillard reaction starts when the seeds attain temperatures ranging from 145, 150°C. The seeds attain a colour similar to that of an apple which has been exposed to the air.
  3. Orange/Tan – the coffee beans change colour from yellow to orange. The beans now have a sweet aroma similar to that of baking a bread.
  4. First crack –The coffee beans pops up or cracks. The coffee is now ready for grounding and brewing depending on one’s preference.
  5. Development time – This is the time after the first crack where coffee registers a swift change in colour and flavour. Careful monitoring is required to establish temperature and time under which coffee is roasted.
  6. The second crack – continuing to roast the crack takes coffee to the second stage. The coffee crack silently emitting oil on their surface.