Drinking coffee has many health benefits since it contains phytochemicals. However, there has been a debate recently about whether coffee causes cancer. Coffee lovers can enjoy a cup of their favorite drink without fear of increasing their risk exposure to cancer since there is no scientific evidence to conclusively back these claims. Drinking of coffee is something that we all fancy and should be enjoyed without holding back the urge to indulge. After all, great things happen over a cup of coffee.
Numerous studies have indicated that drinking coffee reduces risk of death occasioned by many diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes among other. Proponents of the theory that coffee causes cancer base their argument on the presence of acrylamide in the beverage. Acrylamide is formed during the process of roasting coffee. When foods that contain amino acids, and starch are subjected to high temperatures during cooking, the reaction produces the compound. During roasting, foods go through a reaction process making them toasty and brown. As a matter fact, coffee contains lesser amounts of acrylamide such as bread, French fries, breakfast cereals, potato chips, crackers, and canned black olives. The carcinogenicity of drinking coffee is unclassified. Although acrylamide has been classified as a likely carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, there is no conclusive evidence to its role in causing cancer. Further, no association has been found between dietary acrylamide and cancer risks.
On the contrary, coffee consumption has been found to reduce exposure to carcinomas, leukemia/lymphomas, and sarcomas types of cancer. The carcinomas type of cancer is the most prevalent in humans. Skin cancer is caused by exposure to harmful ultraviolet light. Ultraviolet light causes damage to the skin’s DNA cell making them change their structure into cancer-causing cells. People who drink coffee have been found to have low chances of suffering from skin cancer. The risk of exposure to harmful UV light is hard to eliminate since will spend much of their time exposed to the rays of the sun due to work or sunbathing. Precaution should be taken to protect skin cancer by taking caffeine found in coffee which has been found to reduce the effect of sunlight on skin. Regular consumption of caffeine helps in the gradual building of the skin’s endurance thus reduced exposure. Caffeine plays the same role as that of sunscreen in the prevention of skin cancer.
Coffee has many active compounds such as flavonoids, polyphenols and lignans that help fight of cancer-causing cells according to research. Coffee’s biologically active compounds help in energy consumption, prevent damage to cells, prevent the body from inflammation, regulate DNA replication, and prevent metastasis. Cancer is caused by the presence of foreign malignant tumors forming in the body which can in the first place be prevented from forming through topical application of caffeinated ointments and drinking of coffee.
Consumption of coffee has also been found to reduce the risk of the body developing resistance to insulin together with type 2 diabetes. The two conditions have been associated with a heightened propensity to cancer of the colon, liver, endometrium, and breast. Besides, drinking coffee has been found to lower the risk of developing cancer of the prostate in men. The anti-cancer effect in coffee drinking has been shown through research. Cancer patients who take coffee have been found to live longer compared to those who do not take the beverage. The findings support the existing evidence that drinking coffee does not cause cancer since it is impossible that coffee can cause cancer and at the same time help in fighting the cells that cause the disease.
Drinking coffee has many health benefits, though the risks are not clear. The World Health Organization classifies acrylamide as a likely carcinogen. However, their conclusion has been based on tests run on animals and not on human beings which leaves a great information gap since animals and rodents have different genetic composition. However, research has shown that acrylamide is processed differently in humans. Further, there has been no study linking acrylamide to cancer. All these evidence suggests that it is safe to drink the much-cherished cup of coffee at any time without worrying about predisposition to cancer.